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Introducing STEM To Women LAO SUNENG, limkokwing cambodia

Girl Impacts: Girls in STEM Educational reformation has proceeded slowly despite the many calls to improve science and mathematics for our students. The acronym STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) has been adopted by many programs as a significant focus for renewed global competitiveness for the United States, but not both female and male are put in the same stereotype threats. In the present manuscript we draw on the Multi-Threat Framework to examine gender-related math attitudes and how they put girls and women at risk for stereotype threats. Those negative stereotypes about women’s math abilities are transmitted to girls by their parents and teachers, shaping girls’ math abilities and eventually undermining performance and interest in science, technology, engineering, and math fields. The phenomenon of stereotype threat also identifies how gender-related math attitudes can undermine women’s and girls’ interest and performance in STEM domains even when women and girls are good math. Therefore, so fewer girls than boys study STEM subjects at secondary and university. Research also point out reasons why female is not much involving in STEM subjects. Why so few girls choose to study STEM and why so many more men than women choose careers in these fast-growing, high-paying fields? Negative stereotypes drive women not as strong as men and women do not suppose to do bigger task as men. This concept goes even deeper and harder in developing countries. For instance, in Cambodia there is a larger number of women are being pressured by parents to do housework and not to peruse higher education. There are some negative norms stay alive to shape women not to dream big. Especially, in rural area most girls can’t go further with education and are advised to choose labor-force work in factory to support their family. They can’t even finish their secondary school. So, Cambodian girls in STEM subjects is a rare case. They think those subjects are for men who has more freedom, more confidence, and more encouragement. Parents usually guide daughters to find easy subjects and easy jobs because another main task for women after graduate or married is to spend some time looking after their family or children even if they know STEM subjects is a high paying field. Moreover, most of the teachers are male. In lower education program, gender gap of being a teacher are not really big, in contrast it goes bigger in higher education programs. Those are the messages which discourage women from believing in STEM education. In addition, it’s true that STEM subjects are difficult and challenge. Students need to be committed with passion and stay struggle through difficulties along the way because it’s not only about theories in STEM fields but also require practical activities. Some girls are emotionally weak and never think that they can do bigger than they are. Studies show that girls believe that they are not doing as well as their male classmates even when they actually are. There is still a confidence gap in STEM classroom. Normally, these subjects are taken by male students and taught by male teachers. Therefore, it’s made girls feel strange and uncomfortable to enter the class. Sometimes, the communication between two gender cannot go smoothly so girls keep doubts inside whether it’s about lesson or any general concern. The reasons range from peer pressure, to a lack self-motivation, and to a lack of role models. Another significant reason is STEM awareness. Some people do not even realize what STEM is all about. How important STEM are? How it benefits and change the world? It’s new in developing countries while a big part of people is still using old traditional lifestyle. Plus, the subjects might not look interesting in studying. With the lack of equipment to support practicing and deep understanding, it’s not convenience for students to study these subjects with only theories and books. To sum up, the reasons why fewer girls choose to study STEM are stereotype threat, peer pressure, lack of self-motivation, lack of role models and support from parents as well as teachers, a general misperception of what STEM careers look like in the real world. This result can lead women to give up. It’s a hard work for women to do something without motivation. FOCUS ON SOLUTIONS In this 21th century, no one can deny that science, technology, engineering, and mathematics are changing the world. They are the high paying fields nowadays but not everyone knows about it. Therefore, the very first thing to do and make girls interest in STEM is to raise public awareness what STEM is all about. It would be fantastic if STEM knowledge is inserted since primary school curriculum and allow kid, especially girls to understand the basic concept of STEM fields. The belief that only boys are good at math, and girls are in the kitchen should be eliminated. Girls should be treated equally with men in term of physical and emotional. Plus, STEM awareness event for youth should count as practical results, career opportunities, successful seniors’ performances or female role models, how STEM change the world and so on. Providing teachers with more engaging and relatable STEM curriculum, such as 3D and hands-on projects, the kinds of activities that have proven to help retain girls’ interest in STEM over the long haul and creating inclusive classrooms and workplaces that value female opinions. This help girls feel comfortable and close to their major they are choosing. Providing female scholarship or pay fee less than men do in pursuing STEM subjects. Finance tackling can be attracted enough for those females who cannot efforts higher degree. STEM subjects might need to pay more than any other subjects in term of equipment, laboratory, library, and long haul of studying. Increasing the number of STEM mentors and role models – including parents – to help build young girls’ confidence that they can succeed in STEM. The lack of visible female role models continues to be a major problem. The real problem is that the women working within STEM are hiding in plain sight. One way to overcome this would be to spotlight examples of actual women succeeding in STEM which could inspire young women by giving them real-world examples to model themselves after. It can help girls to gain great interest and build passion on STEM and they can imagine the coming future with STEM careers. Encouragement is so important for girls. Positive words can actually push them to believe more in themselves that they can be success in their careers and give back the world positive impacts on younger generation. Are things changing for the better as more girls get opportunities to study science, technology, engineering, and math? With the greater impacts of STEM to the world, people are being aware it’s important roles for a better society. Are things changing for the better as more girls get opportunities to study science, technology, engineering, and math? It would be a better change and positive movements. The fastest-growing jobs worldwide require engineering and tech training. There are enormous opportunities for women in these fields, yet there are still so few women entering these fields. Endless doors will open by giving women access to the same economic opportunities that men already have. Furthermore, when people are from different backgrounds involved in building the solutions that our world needs, it gets improved solutions. A diverse group of people contributes to new and fresh perspectives. Female perspective can contribute a lot to the idea of design and both heads, female and male, will go better together.